Passive and Active Voice

How To Teach Passive and Active Voice


To enable students to understand and correctly use active and passive voice in their writing, enhancing their ability to choose the appropriate voice for clarity, emphasis, and stylistic purposes in various writing contexts.

Introduction to Passive and Active Voice

  • Define active voice as a sentence structure where the subject performs the action (e.g., “The cat chased the mouse”), and passive voice as a structure where the subject is acted upon (e.g., “The mouse was chased by the cat”).
  • Discuss the implications of each voice on clarity, emphasis, and tone of writing, and when to appropriately use each.

Real Life Examples

  • Provide examples from literature, academic writing, and journalism, showing how the choice between active and passive voice affects the clarity and impact of a sentence.
  • Highlight the common use of the passive voice in formal or scientific writing, where the focus is on the action rather than the actor.

Interactive Activities

  • Conduct a ‘Voice Conversion' exercise, where students rewrite sentences from passive to active voice and vice versa, understanding the effect of each.
  • Organize a ‘Voice Identification' task, where students analyze texts to identify and justify the use of active or passive voice in different sentences.

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